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Past exam papers

Please use the search box to find a particular year ( e.g. type 2019 to find 2019 past papers). Bundles give all papers for each level. Use the arrow at ‘Questions’ to sort the data. Refresh page to reset.

Round 1 (R1) : Q 1 – 10, Round 2 (R2) : Q 1 – 5 n.b older papers (2010-2014) may vary

How the classification table works:

  • There are four broad question styles: 1) #Sw ( Questions with single words), 2) #Se (Questions with sentences), 3) #M/Mc(Questions with match-ups and multiple-choices), 4) #H (Questions with a mixture of styles, Hybrids).
  • There are four layers (L1,L2,L3,L4) to show the number of linguistics subjects involved e.g. L3 = 3 layers of subjects ( Morphology (1), Phonology (2), Syntax (3))
  • Some broad question styles have classes. Class A = Questions broadly related to Semantics. Class B = Questions broadly related to Phonology. Class C = Questions that do not fit into Class A or Class B
  • Combine these codes to make a unique search, please search by code starting with the hash key # e.g. if you’re looking for a single words problem about semantics with 2 other subjects, type in #SwAL3 = #SwA (row) + L3 (column) = Single Words, Class A, 3 layers n.b. the search box is not case-sensitive, so L3 or l3 will give the same results
  • Look at the table to search for specific combinations of linguistics subjects
  • Topic Areas/Other Styles of Questions can be searched ( Writing, Numbers, Maps, Family, Encrypted). e.g. type Maps for Maps, Writing for Writing, Numbers for Numbers … etc.
  • Symbols: [Semantics] = ‘Assume it is Semantics, otherwise it is specified in the tables’.
  • + means ‘and something else’ e.g. ‘Phonology +’ is Phonology + something else ( like Syntax).
  • For more information, see technical information

Classification Table

 L1L2L3L4
Single Words A (#SwA)SemanticsMorphology, SemanticsMorphology, Semantics, Syntax 
Single Words B (#SwB)PhonologyMorphology, PhonologyPhonology, Semantics, Syntax 
Single Words C (#SwC)Morphology or SyntaxSemantics + (or otherwise specified) Morphology, Phonology, Semantics, Syntax
Sentences (#Se)[Semantics][Morphology], SemanticsMorphology, Semantics, Syntax 
Match-up A (#MA)/Multiple-Choice (#McA)[Semantics]Morphology, SemanticsMorphology, Semantics, SyntaxMorphology, Phonology, Semantics, Syntax
Match-up C (#MC) /Multiple-Choice C(#McC) Semantics, [Syntax]  
Hybrid A (#HA)SemanticsMorphology, SemanticsMorphology, Semantics, Syntax 
Hybrid B (#HB)PhonologyPhonology+Phonology, Semantics, Syntax 
Hybrid C (#HC)Any Other CombinationAny Other Combination Morphology, Phonology, Semantics, Syntax

Table v1.37 (last updated: 17/09/2022 new updates coming soon! See Table Version Updates for more!) [finished versions: 1.0, 1.1, 1.15, 1.2, 1.21, 1.22, 1.23, 1.24, 1.3, 1.31, 1.32, 1.33,1.34, 1.35(1,2,3), 1.36 (1)]

Scores attained by students in the particular year for each question in each level have been documented and averaged on this excel spreadsheet. Click the level tab to choose your level and filter scores.

LevelQuestion Data + AnswersClassificationAuthor
Breakthrough_2022_R1_1 SwedishSingle Words C + Syntax #SwCL2David Hellsten
Breakthrough/Foundation2022_R1_2 BuhidSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Babette Verhoeven
Breakthrough/Foundation2022_R1_3 ItalianSingle Words C, Morphology, Syntax #SwCL2Julia Barron
Foundation/Intermediate2022_R1_4 MalteseHybrid B (MS) #HBL3Michael Salter
Foundation/Intermediate2022_R1_5 ArhuacoSingle Words A #SwAL3Babette Verhoeven
Intermediate/Advanced2022_R1_6 BislamaSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Michael Salter
Intermediate/Advanced2022_R1_7 Korowai and HaruaiSingle Words A (Numbers) #SwAL3Simi Hellsten
Advanced_2022_R1_8 ZuniSingle Words A #SwAL3Michael Salter
Advanced_2022_R1_9 TseltalHybrid C (SSw) #HCL4Simi Hellsten
Advanced_2022_R1_x10 MazatecoHybrid C (MSw) #HCL4Michael Salter
Round 22022_R2_1 MapudungunHybrid C (SSw) #HCL4Junnosuke Kajita, Kazune Sato (Japan 21)
Round 22022_R2_2 Wik-MungkanMatch-up C #MCL2Ryan Chi
Round 22022_R2_3 NiueanSentences #SeL3Simi Hellsten
Round 22022_R2_4 DinkaSingle Words B #SwBL1Simi Hellsten
Round 22022_R2_5 TaosSentences #SeL3Simi Hellsten
Breakthrough_2021_R1_1 OghamSingle Words C (Writing) + Syntax #SwCL2Babette Verhoeven
Breakthrough/Foundation2021_R1_2 KabyleHybrid C (McS), Morphology, Syntax #HCL2Kazune Sato, Simi Hellsten
Breakthrough/Foundation2021_R1_3 WaamaMatch-up A #MAL3Aleka Blackwell
Foundation/Intermediate2021_R1_4 DitemaSingle Words C (Writing) + Phonetics #SwCL2Michael Salter
Foundation/Intermediate2021_R1_5 FilipinoSentences, Syntax #SeL2Babette Verhoeven
Intermediate_2021_R1_6 LongguMultiple Choice C, Pragmatics #McCL2Babette Verhoeven
Intermediate_2021_R1_7 LatvianHybrid C (MSw) + Syntax #HCL2Aleka Blackwell
Advanced_2021_R1_A1 MandombeSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL2Ryan Chi
Advanced_2021_R1_A2 Old ChineseHybrid B (MSw) #HBL1Ethan Chi
Advanced_2021_R1_A3 NgkolmpuSentences (Numbers), Syntax #SL2Simi Hellsten
Advanced_2021_R1_A4 SaukMatch-up A #MAL2Ryan Chi
Advanced_2021_R1_A5 DaagareSingle Words C + Phonology #SwCL2Ethan Chi
Round 22021_R2_1 KakawinHybrid B (MMc) + Syntax #HBL2Michael Salter
Round 22021_R2_2 Hawu and DhaoHybrid C (McS) #HCL4Evan Hochstein
Round 22021_R2_3 AinuSentences #SeL3Vlad Neacsu
Round 22021_R2_4 HmongMatch-up C #MCL2Simi Hellsten
Round 22021_R2_5 TawalaSentences #SeL3Simi Hellsten
Breakthrough_2020_R1_1 DutchSingle Words C #SwCL4Liam McKnight
Breakthrough/Foundation2020_R1_2 CuneiformSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Martin Worthington
Breakthrough/Foundation2020_R1_3 NorwedishHybrid A (McS) #HAL3Babette Verhoeven
Foundation/Intermediate2020_R1_4 LigurianSingle Words B #SwBL1Kevin Liang
Foundation/Intermediate2020_R1_5 MongoSingle Words B + Syntax #SwBL3Kevin Liang
Intermediate/Advanced2020_R1_6 IdalionSingle Words C (Writing) + Phonology #SwCL2Michael Salter
Intermediate/Advanced2020_R1_7 ChintangMatch-up A #MAL3Aleka Blackwell
Advanced_2020_R1_8 PapiamentuMultiple-Choice A, Phonology #McAL1Harold Sommers
Advanced_2020_R1_9 YukhagirSentences #SeL3Kobayashi Tsuyoshi
Advanced_2020_R1_x10 InapariHybrid A (SSw) #HAL2Sam Ahmed
Round 22020_R2_1 PaiwanSentences #SeL3Sam Ahmed
Round 22020_R2_2 YorubaSingle Words A (Numbers) #SwAL2Harold Somers
Round 22020_R2_3 MiaoSingle Words B (Writing) #SwBL3Ethan Chi
Round 22020_R2_4 UteSentences + Phonology #SeL4Liam McKnight
Round 22020_R2_5 ArapahoSingle Words C #SwCL4Daniel Lovsted
Breakthrough_2019_R1_1 LadinSingle Words B #SwBL1Julia Barron
Breakthrough/Foundation2019_R1_2 JapaneseSingle Words C (Writing) + Syntax #SwCL2Babette Verhoeven
Breakthrough/Foundation2019_R1_3 JahaiMultiple-Choice C, Pragmatics #McCL2Babette Verhoeven
Foundation/Intermediate2019_R1_4 WelshHybrid B (McS) #HBL3Babette Verhoeven
Foundation/Intermediate2019_R1_5 PitjantjatjaraSentences #SeL3Rebecca Dafina and Wilmoth
Intermediate/Advanced2019_R1_6 Cippus-AbellanusSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Michael Salter
Intermediate/Advanced2019_R1_7 MongolianSingle Words B #SwBL2Ethan Chi
Advanced_2019_R1_8 GumatjSentences (Numbers) #SeL1Ethan Chi
Advanced_2019_R1_9 NdebeleSentences #SeL3Michael Salter
Advanced_2019_R1_x10 BrailleSingle Words C (Writing) + Syntax #SwCL2Babette Verhoeven
Round 22019_R2_1 AfrihiliHybrid A (McSw) #HAL2Michael Salter
Round 22019_R2_2 LepchaSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Ethan Chi
Round 22019_R2_3 Polish-nounsSingle Words C #SwCL4Ms Veneva
Round 22019_R2_4 CupenoSingle Words A #SwAL2Daniel Lovsted
Round 22019_R2_5 WitsuwitenMatch-up A #MAL2Daniel Lovsted, Sam Ahmed, Ellie Warner
Breakthrough_2018_R1_1 RomanianSingle Words C, Morphology, Syntax #SwCL2Julia Barron
Breakthrough/Foundation2018_R1_2 LithuanianSentences #SeL3Babette Verhoeven
Breakthrough/Foundation2018_R1_3 BulgarianSingle Words A (Maps) #SwAL1Babette Verhoeven
Foundation/Intermediate2018_R1_4 FijianSingle Words A #SwAL3Vica Papp
Foundation/Intermediate2018_R1_5 GilberteseSentences, Syntax #SeL2Michael Salter
Intermediate/Advanced2018_R1_6 NkoMatch-up C, Phonology #MCL2Babette Verhoeven, Harold Somers
Intermediate/Advanced2018_R1_7 IcelandicSingle Words A (Maps: Family) #SwAL2Babette Verhoeven
Advanced_2018_R1_8 VietnameseMatch-up A #MAL1Tom McCoy, Pat Littell, and Lori Levin
Advanced_2018_R1_9 PameSentences (Numbers) #SeL1Milena Veneva
Advanced_2018_R1_x10 AlbanianSingle Words A (Maps) #SwAL1Ali Sharman
Round 22018_R2_1 HeraldryMatch-up C #MCL2Sam Ahmed
Round 22018_R2_2 NivkhHybrid A (MS) #HAL3Heather Newell
Round 22018_R2_3 MenyaMatch-up C #MCL2Aleka Blackwell
Round 22018_R2_4 MixtecHybrid A (MSw) #HAL3Babette Verhoeven
Round 22018_R2_5 MayangnaSentences #SeL3Julia Barron
Breakthrough_2017_R1_1 ItalianSingle Words C, Syntax #SwCL1Dick Hudson
Breakthrough/Foundation2017_R1_2 InuktitutSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Ollie Sayeed
Breakthrough/Foundation2017_R1_3 EuropeanMultiple-Choice A #McAL2Babette Verhoeven
Foundation/Intermediate2017_R1_4 TshilubaSentences #SeL3Tom McCoy
Foundation/Intermediate2017_R1_5 BasqueSentences #SeL3Aleka Blackwell
Intermediate/Advanced2017_R1_6 MaoriSentences #SeL3Aleka Blackwell
Intermediate/Advanced2017_R1_7 TamilSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Kai Low
Advanced_2017_R1_8 ChoctawSentences #SeL3Babette Verhoeven
Advanced_2017_R1_9 AbkhazSentences #SeL3Samuel Andersson, Oliver Sayeed, and Elysia Warner
Advanced_2017_R1_x10 KaytetyeSingle Words A (Maps: Family) #SwAL2Myfany Turpin
Round 22017_R2_1 NepaliSentences #SeL3Babette Verhoeven
Round 22017_R2_2 Proto AlgonquianSingle Words A #SwAL2Daniel Lovsted
Round 22017_R2_3 VietMatch-up A #MAL1James Hyett
Round 22017_R2_4 HieroglyphsMatch-up A #MAL1Dick Hudson
Round 22017_R2_5 YupikSentences (Numbers) #SeL3Kai Low
Breakthrough_2016_R1_1 AlphabetSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Dick Hudson
Breakthrough/Foundation2016_R1_2 ForeignSingle Words A #SwAL1Dick Hudson
Breakthrough/Foundation2016_R1_3 WatsoniumSingle Words C + Phonology #SwCL2Jane D'Altuin and Harold Somers
Foundation/Intermediate2016_R1_4 BeijingSingle Words A (Maps) #SwAL1Catherine Sheard
Foundation/Intermediate2016_R1_5 AmeleSentences #SeL3Babette Verhoeven
Intermediate/Advanced2016_R1_6 KaqchikelMatch-up C #MCL2Michael Yoshitaka Erlewine
Intermediate/Advanced2016_R1_7 EstonianSingle Words A #SwAL2Praveen Venkataramana
Advanced_2016_R1_8 SomaliSingle Words B #SwBL1Harold Somers
Advanced_2016_R1_9 NhandaHybrid A (McS) #HAL3Babette Verhoeven
Advanced_2016_R1_x10 NungSentences #SeL3Alex Wade
Round 22016_R2_1 MalaySentences, Syntax #SeL2Bozhidar Bozhanov
Round 22016_R2_2 TocharianSingle Words B #SwBL2Ollie Sayeed
Round 22016_R2_3 HuliSentences (Numbers) #SeL3Bill Huang
Round 22016_R2_4 DevanagariMatch-up A (Writing) #MAL1Lauren Gawne
Round 22016_R2_5 EdumacatedSingle Words B #SwBL1Patrick Littell
Breakthrough_2015_R1_1 KarelianSingle Words A (Numbers) #SwAL3Graeme Trousdale
Breakthrough/Foundation2015_R1_2 GeorgianSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Daniel Rucki
Breakthrough/Foundation2015_R1_3 PolishMatch-up A #MAL3Daniel Rucki
Foundation/Intermediate2015_R1_4 Old EnglishSentences #SeL3Graeme Trousdale
Foundation/Intermediate2015_R1_5 RunesSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Catherine Sheard
Intermediate/Advanced2015_R1_6 JapaneseMatch-up A #MAL1Harold Somers
Intermediate/Advanced2015_R1_7 MurrinhpathaSingle Words C, Morphology #SwCL1Rachel Nordlinger
Advanced_2015_R1_8 FinnishSingle Words B #SwBL1Babette Verhoeven
Advanced_2015_R1_9 EnglishMultiple Choice C #McCL2Dragomir Radev with Christiane Fellbaum and Jonathan May
Advanced_2015_R1_x10 GeorgianSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL3Dorottya Demszky
Round 22015_R2_1 MaxakaliMatch-up A #MAL2Alex Wade
Round 22015_R2_2 MalagasySentences (Numbers) #SeL3Tom McCoy
Round 22015_R2_3 HmongMatch-up A #MAL4David Mortensen
Round 22015_R2_4 AymaraSingle Words B #SwBL1Josh Falk
Round 22015_R2_5 RomanceSingle Words B #SwBL1David Palfreyman
Foundation_2014_R1_1 EstonianSingle Words C + Syntax #SwCL2Babette Verhoeven
Foundation_2014_R1_2 MaoriHybrid B (MSw) + Semantics #HBL2Pat Littell
Foundation/Intermediate2014_R1_3 MokileseSingle Words A #SwAL2Jeff Siegel
Foundation/Intermediate2014_R1_4 EnglishSingle Words C, Phonetics, Phonology #SwCL2Sue Barry & Dick Hudson
Foundation/Intermediate/Advanced2014_R1_5 TurkishSentences #SeL3David Palfreyman
Intermediate/Advanced2014_R1_6 KairakSingle Words C, Morphology, Syntax #SwCL2Cindy Schneider
Intermediate/Advanced2014_R1_7 IlokanoSentences #SeL3Bozhidar Bozhanov
Advanced_2014_R1_8 EnglishHybrid A (Encrypted) #HAL1Harold Somers
Advanced_2014_R1_9 BugineseSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Chelsea Voss
Round 22014_R2_1 KiswahiliMatch-up A #MAL2Catherine Sheard
Round 22014_R2_2 Kachai,Tusom,UkhrulMatch-up A, Phonology #MAL1David Mortensen
Round 22014_R2_3 YidinySentences #SeL3Mary Laughren
Round 22014_R2_4 NavajoSentences #SeL3Babette Verhoeven
Round 22014_R2_5 HungarianSingle Words A (Maps: Grid) #SwAL1Adam Hesterberg
Foundation_2013_R1_1 YodaspeakSentences, Syntax #SeL1Harold Somers
Foundation_2013_R1_2 ZapotecSingle Words A #SwAL3Unknown
Foundation/Intermediate2013_R1_3 PaliSentences #SeL3Babette Verhoeven
Foundation/Intermediate2013_R1_4a ArabicSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1David Palfreyman
Foundation/Intermediate2013_R1_4s ShavianSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Babette Verhoeven
Foundation/Intermediate/Advanced2013_R1_5 BulgarianSingle Words A #SwAL1Bozhidar Bozhanov
Intermediate/Advanced2013_R1_6 EnglishMultiple-Choice A, Syntax #McAL1Dick Hudson
Intermediate/Advanced2013_R1_7 PhoenicianSingle Words C (Writing) + Phonology #SwCL2Harold Somers
Advanced_2013_R1_8 DutchSingle Words B + Semantics #SwBL3Harold Somers
Advanced_2013_R1_9 BengaliSentences #SeL3Bozhidar Bozhanov
Round 22013_R2_1 QuechuaMatch-up A #MAL3Patrick Littell
Round 22013_R2_2 Georgian, ArmenianMatch-up A (Writing) #MAL1Drago Radev
Round 22013_R2_3 BejaSentences #SeL3Dick Hudson
Round 22013_R2_4 SwedishMultiple-Choice A #McAL1Patrick Littell
Round 22013_R2_5 Indonesian, SwahiliMatch-up A #MAL3Catherine Sheard
Foundation_2012_R1_1 YolmoHybrid C (SSw) + Syntax #HCL2Lauren Gawne
Foundation_2012_R1_2 DanishSingle Words A (Numbers) #SwAL2Mike Swan
Foundation/Intermediate2012_R1_3d DutchSingle Words B + Semantics #SwBL3Babette Verhoeven
Foundation/Intermediate2012_R1_3w WelshSingle Words C #SwCL4Dick Hudson
Foundation/Intermediate2012_R1_4 HaitianSentences #SeL3Ivaylo Youmerski
Foundation/Intermediate/Advanced2012_R1_5 EsperantoSentences #SeL3Alexey Pegushev
Intermediate/Advanced2012_R1_6 BardiMatch-up A #MAL1Catherine Sheard
Intermediate/Advanced2012_R1_7 WaoraniSentences (Numbers) #SeL2Drago Radev
Advanced_2012_R1_8 ArcturanSentences #SeL3Simon Zwarts
Advanced_2012_R1_9 WaanyiSentences, Syntax #SeL2Mary Laughren
Round 22012_R2_1 EnglishSingle Words B #SwBL1Patrick Littell
Round 22012_R2_2 LuisenoSentences, Morphology #SeL1Ronald Langacker (via Dick Hudson)
Round 22012_R2_3 EnglishMultiple-Choice A #McAL1James Pustejovsky, Patrick Littell
Round 22012_R2_4 Phags-paSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL2Patrick Littell
Round 22012_R2_5 CatalanSingle Words B + Syntax #SwBL3Boris Iomdin
Foundation_2011_R1_1 EnglishSingle Words A #SwAL1Harold Somers
Foundation_2011_R1_2 JapaneseSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Harold Somers
Foundation/Advanced2011_R1_3 ArrernteSingle Words B #SwBL2Mark Dras & Mary Laughren
Foundation/Advanced2011_R1_4 UlwaSingle Words A #SwAL2Richard Sproat
Foundation/Advanced2011_R1_5 PapagoMatch-up A #MAL3Lori Levin (data from Ken Hale)
Advanced_2011_R1_6 IndonesianHybrid A (McSw) #HAL1Dragomir Radev
Advanced_2011_R1_7 English BrailleSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Patrick Littell
Round 22011_R2_1 WarlpiriSingle Words B #SwBL2Mary Laughren
Round 22011_R2_2 IrishSentences (Numbers), Syntax #SL2Tom Payne
Round 22011_R2_3 NahuatlSentences #SeL3Patrick Littell
Round 22011_R2_4 NdyukaSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1John Berman
Round 22011_R2_5 TadaksahakSentences #SeL3Bozhidar Bozhanov
Foundation_2010_R1_1 FrenchSentences, Syntax #SeL2Dragomir Radev
Foundation_2010_R1_2 EnglishMultiple-Choice A #McAL1Cindy Schneider
Foundation/Advanced2010_R1_3 AbmaSentences, Syntax #SeL2Luda Kedova & Rachel Nordlinger
Foundation/Advanced2010_R1_4 ArmenianSingle Words A (Maps) #SwAL1Dragomir Radev
Foundation/Advanced2010_R1_5 TurkishSingle Words B + Semantics #SwBL3Bozhidar Bozhanov
Advanced_2010_R1_6 TangkhulMatch-up A #MAL3David Mortensen
Advanced_2010_R1_7 EnglishSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Patrick Littell
Round 22010_R2_1 MinangkabauSingle Words B #SwBL1John Henderson
Round 22010_R2_2 CreeSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL2Patrick Littell & Julia Workman
Round 22010_R2_3 EnglishSingle Words A (Writing) #SwAL1Richard Sproat
Round 22010_R2_4 VietnameseMatch-up A #MAL1David Mortensen
Round 22010_R2_5 VanuatuSingle Words A #SwAL3Jane Simpson & Jeremy Hammond

Bundles

Bundles
Breakthrough 2022
Foundation 2022
Intermediate-2022
Advanced-2022
2022_R2_Bundle
2021_ Breakthrough
2021_ Foundation
2021_ Intermediate
2021_ Advanced
2021_R2_Bundle
2020_Breakthrough Level
2020_Foundation Level
2020_Intermediate Level
2020_Advanced Level
2020_R2 Bundle
2019_Breakthrough
2019_Foundation
2019_Intermediate
2019_Advanced
2019_R2 Bundle
2018_Breakthrough
2018_Foundation
2018_Intermediate
2018_Advanced
2018_R2 Bundle
2017_Breakthrough
2017_Foundation
2017_Intermediate
2017_Advanced
2017_R2 Bundle
2016_Breakthrough
2016_Foundation
2016_Intermediate
2016_Advanced
2016_R2 Bundle
2015_Breakthrough
2015_Foundation
2015_Intermediate
2015_Advanced
2015_R2 Bundle
2014_ All Foundation and Intermediate Questions and Answers
2014_ All Advanced Questions and Answers
2014_R2_ All Questions and Answers
2013_ All Foundation and Intermediate Questions and Answers
2013_ All Advanced Questions and Answers
2013_ All R2 Questions and Answers
2012_ All Foundation, Intermediate and Advanced Questions and Answers
2012_All R2 Questions and Answers
2011_ All Foundation and Advanced Questions and Answers
2011_R2_All Questions and Answers
2010_ All Foundation Questions and Answers
2010_ All Advanced Questions and Answers
2010_All R2 Questions and Answers